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  1. #11
    Join Date
    Jul 2005
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    Default Re: Battle for Arnhem....

    I recently read the Wikipedia section on Market Garden, which reports that after the breakout from Falaise and the thrust into Belgium, Montgomery initially suggested a narrow thrust to the Ruhr, 'Operation Comet'.

    This was intended as a limited 'coup de main', by the so far unused British 1st Airborne (the 6th Airborne dropped on D-Day 6th June 1944). It would be be launched on 2 September 1944.

    Comet envisioned using the British 1st Airborne Division, along with the Ist (Polish) Independent Brigade, to secure several bridges over the Rhine River to aid the Allied advance into the North German plain.

    The Divisional Headquarters for the British 1st Airborne Division, with the 1st Airlanding Brigade and the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade were to land at Nijmegen. The British 1st Parachute Brigade would land at Arnhem and the British 4th Parachute Brigade was to land at Grave.

    Several days of poor weather and Montgomery's concerns over increasing levels of German resistance caused him to postpone the operation. He cancelled it on 10 September.

    Comet was replaced by a more ambitious plan to bypass the Westwall (Siegfried line) by hooking around its northern end. This would allow the Allies to cross the Rhine with large forces and trap the German 15th Army in Holland. Operation Market Garden was proposed instead.

    On 10 September Dempsey, the British Second Army commander, told Montgomery that he had doubts about this plan and that he instead favored an advance north-eastwards between the Reichswald forest and the Ruhr to Wesel.

    Montgomery replied that he had just received a signal from London that something needed to be done to neutralize the V-2 launch sites around the Hague (which were bombarding London) and that the plan must therefore proceed.

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    Generals Horrocks and Urquhart with Lt Colonel Frost (all K&C) at a briefing (photoshoot 2007 in Louis' back yard).
    Likes: (3) Louis Badolato (Yesterday),OzDigger (Yesterday),villagehorse (Yesterday)

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